The elderly have a lot of cerumen on their ears. Will it affect their hearing?

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In medical terms, it is called cerumen. Just like there are salivary glands in the mouth, we also have cerumen glands in our ears. The cerumen glands also produce secretions that mix with our sweat and skin to become what we call earwax. The presence of earwax keeps our ears clean. If a small insect flies into the ear, the presence of earwax prevents the mosquito from flying into the ear smoothly. Moreover, earwax contains a variety of antibacterial peptides that can inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi.

The elderly have a lot of cerumen on their ears, does it affect their hearing?

Too much earwax will affect hearing, because the outer auricle and ear canal both collect external sounds. When earwax blocks the external auditory canal, it will prevent the ear canal from collecting external sounds and prevent sounds from reaching the middle and inner ears, which will affect hearing. When there is too much earwax, you can use an ear pick to clean it. If the earwax is hard and cannot be removed with an ear pick, you can soak the earwax with 0.5% sodium bicarbonate injection to soften the earwax, making it easier to remove.

If the ears of the elderly are blocked by cerumen, they may cause hearing loss. However, most deafness in the elderly is due to poor blood circulation in the inner ear and neurotrophic degenerative changes. caused.


Therefore, in terms of treatment, if an elderly person suddenly develops deafness, it is best to go to the otolaryngology department of the hospital for an examination. If it is determined that the patient's hearing loss is caused by cerumen blockage , the doctor will clean it under an otoscope. After active treatment, the symptoms of deafness in the elderly should be significantly improved. If necessary, pure tone audiometry and acoustic immittance can be performed to determine the degree of hearing loss in the elderly. If it is due to blood circulation or neurological problems, you can consider taking nicergoline tablets, citicoline sodium capsules or ginkgo leaf soft capsules for further treatment. After active treatment, the elderly deafness should be significantly improved.

Do I need to pick my ears?

So since earwax has protective and antibacterial functions, do we no longer need to remove earwax? In fact, you don’t need to remove earwax all the time, but you can’t not remove it all the time. If it is not cleaned for a long time, it may cause symptoms such as earwax accumulation, hearing loss, and tinnitus. Most Asians have dry earwax, while some people have oily earwax, which is also called wet earwax in some places. For people with dry earwax, there is basically no need to remove the earwax, it can be discharged automatically. However, for people with oily earwax, since the oily earwax is sticky and difficult to discharge, it needs to be cleaned regularly.People with blocked ear canals need to go to the hospital and have their ear canals cleared by a doctor.


What should you pay attention to when picking out your ears?

People with oily earwax are recommended to cleanse their earwax once every six months to a year and a half due to the strong secretion of oil. The structure of the ear is relatively complex. When removing earwax, be careful not to go too deep. A safe distance is between 2.5 and 3.5cm. If it is too deep, it can easily damage the eardrum. And be sure not to use cotton swabs, fingers or sharp objects to pick out your ears. This may send earwax deeper, and the cotton swabs may also follow the earwax into the ear canal.